Advantages of Carpet
can offer more versatility,comfort, ease of maintenance
and health benefits than other flooring options. It
is also more "budget-friendly" than
choices and there are styles to coordinate with every
Here are some general terms for understanding how carpet
is made and how to judge carpet quality.
The measure of how long your carpet will look and feel
good. Ideally, carpet will retain its original texture
and appearance for years to come. Durability depends
on finding the right balance of three important factors
During carpet manufacturing, natural or synthetic
fiber is converted to yarn and tufted, or locked into
a backing to form the pile or surface that you walk
on. There are five major types of carpet fiber - nylon
6,6, nylon 6,
polypropylene (olefin), polyester,
and wool; the most popular being
nylon. Ideal for carpeting, nylon 6,6 is a man-made
fiber that is wear-resistant (soil and stain resistant).
Its natural properties allow for a very wide range
of colors and color blends and the newest fibers offer
- and feel of wool, but with much less maintenance
The twist of the fiber is the way the fiber filaments
are spun into yarn, and how the yarn is in turn twisted
upon itself. Twist is usually locked into the fiber
with a steam or heat-setting. The tighter the twist,
the more the carpet will resist changes in appearance
Density describes the amount of pile in the carpet
and how close the tufts are to one another. In general,
the more dense the carpet the better the quality.
Check density by pressing your fingers on the carpet
and trying to reach the backing. It will be difficult
to reach the backing of a very dense carpet. With
the tufts facing outward, bend the carpet into a U
shape to see how much of the carpet backing shows.
The less backing you see, the more dense the carpet.
How is the room going to be used?
- Is there light or heavy room traffic in the room?
- Is the room the center of activity for family or
- Is there direct access from outside?
What You Should Know:
By asking these questions, we can gauge which grade
and style of carpet would work best for your home.
Try to give a detailed picture of your expectations
for the carpet. Is it important that the carpet stand
up to pets, running children and bustling activity?
Or are you mainly concerned about how it will look and
feel in a formal living room that doesn't get a lot
What to ask yourself:
- How much use will the room get? (This is a consideration
because a heavily used room may not be the best place
to install white or very light-colored carpet.)
- Are kids going to be playing down on the floor?
Or is it a formal room that doesn't get much use?
(Again, lighter colors my create more maintenance
but another factor the dealer is trying to consider
is whether you should choose carpet made with BCF
fiber like STAINMASTER® so that children playing
on the floor will not find themselves covered in loose
fibers shed from staple products.)
- Is it a small room or a large room? (Smaller rooms
can be made to feel larger by selecting a lighter
colored carpet while larger rooms can be made to feel
cozier by using a mid-to-darker colored carpet.)
- What are the lighting conditions in the room? (Rooms
with plenty of natural light will show the true color
of the carpet while rooms on the north side of a house
may need a lighter shade of carpet to keep them from
feeling darker than they are.)
What You Should Know:
You should always remember to bring swatches of fabric
from drapes and furniture, wallpaper samples, and paint
chips with you when you are selecting carpet. That way
you can consider a range of colors that will match your
existing décor. Remember that color can also
affect your mood. Warmer colors often make you feel
energized while cooler tones provide a sense of calm.
When considering color, remember the lighting in the
carpet store is not the same as the lighting conditions
in your home and samples should always be taken home
before finalizing any selections.
- Here's an overview of the steps involved in carpet
Bulked Continuous Filament (BCF)
Continuous strands of nylon are formed into yarn.
They are also texturized to increase their bulk and
to change from straight into kinked or curled fibers.
This increases the "bulk" of the final carpet
and makes the twist in yarns more permanent producing
better wear resistance. And because BCF (Bulked Continuous
Filament) fiber is one continuous strand of fiber,
it will not shed loose fibers like staple fibers will,
causing the owner to constantly vacuum to remove them.
Each carpet fiber is twisted around more fibers to
produce a yarn for the carpet pile that is more wear
resistant. The tighter the twist, the more the carpet
will resist crushing, matting and changes in texture.
- Heat Setting
After the fiber is twisted, it is treated with heat
to lock in the twist. The result: carpet fibers that
won't easily unravel or crush under heavy foot traffic.
The heat-set fiber is fed through needles and then
stitched or tufted into the primary carpet backing.
The density of a carpet is determined by how much
yarn is used and how close the tufts are to one another.
The tufted carpet is saturated with liquid dye then
treated with a solution to set the color.
The dyed carpet is now saturated with a unique soil
and stain resistant coating engineered to bond specifically
with STAINMASTER® 6,6 nylon. While other fibers
are protected by a stain resistant treatment as well,
their treatment must be re-applied after every cleaning
while STAINMASTER® protection is guaranteed to
last for years without reapplication. The result is
a carpet that has the long lasting ability to repel
dirt and resist stains.